Bell 222

$600,000 executive and utility helicopter certified for single-pilot operations

Bell 222 approaching
photo: Shawn

The Bell 222 a twin-engine light helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopters. Introduced in 1979, it was the first rotorcraft to be certified for single-pilot operations without the use of autopilot.

Manufacturer:
Bell Helicopter
Country:
United States
Manufactured:
1975 to: 1991
ICAO:
B222
Price:
US$.6 million (2019)

Specifications

Avionics:
Engine:
2x Lycoming LTS101-650C-3
turboshaft
Power:
620 horsepower
Max Cruise Speed:
139 knots
257 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
Travel range:
326 Nautical Miles
604 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
Service Ceiling:
20,000 feet
Rate of Climb:
1600 feet / minute
8.13metre / second
Take Off Distance:
Landing Distance:
Max Take Off Weight:
3,670 Kg
8,091 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
3,670 Kg
8,091 lbs
Max Payload:
1,100 Kg
2,425 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
236 gallon
893 litre
Baggage Volume:
Seats - Economy / General:
9 seats
Seats - Business Class:
Seats - First Class:
Cabin Height:
1.46 metre - 4.79 feet
Cabin Width:
1.46 metre - 4.79 feet
Cabin Length:
2.1 metre - 6.89 feet
Exterior Length:
15.1 metre - 49.54 feet
Tail height:
3.5 metre - 11.48 feet
Fuselage Diameter:
1.6 metre - 5.25 feet
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter:
12.1 metre - 39.70 feet
Wing Tips:
no winglets
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Description

The manufacturing company Bell Helicopters started to develop a twin-turbine engine light helicopter in the late 1960s later designated as the new Bell 222. In January 1974, a model version was exhibited at a helicopter convention.

The Bell 222 was the first light commercial helicopter with twin engines constructed in the United States. In 1975, the manufacturing of 222 started. On August 13, 1976, the helicopter took its maiden flight. On August 16, 1979, it was awarded the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) type certification, then on December 20, 1979, it was authorized for Visual Flight Rules (VFR) operation. On January 16, 1980, deliveries of 222 started. On May 15, 1980, the helicopter received its approval from the Federal Aviation Administration for single-pilot instrument flight rules (IFR) use.

The helicopter features numerous updated features such as dual hydraulic and electric systems, IFR avionics, sponsons lodging the retractable undercarriage, as well as introducing the use of Noda Matic vibration reduction system that the company had developed for the Bell 214ST.

The Bell 222 is fitted with two Lycoming/Honeywell LTS101-650 engines which produce a maximum of 592 shaft horsepower each. It is a turboshaft engine with a 1-stage low-pressure axial compressor and a 1-stage high-pressure centrifugal compressor, annular combustors, and 1-stage high-pressure turbine and 1-stage low-pressure turbine.

The helicopter’s engine exhaust stacks are situated at the back of the engines. The rotor system of the helicopter incorporates a two-bladed, slightly rigid high-kinetic energy main rotor and underslung rotor design to prevent the need for lead/lag hinges.

The rotor head is equipped with elastomeric bearings that consist of rubber and metal plates and is designed to meet the required stiffness for rotor hub bearing. The 222 is also designed with a pusher-type tail rotor with two blades attached on the left part of the tail boom.

The Bell 222 has a maximum speed of 139 knots and a travel range of 326 nautical miles. It can fly up to 20,000 feet and has a maximum takeoff weight of 3,670 kg.