Canadair CL-44

Canadian airliner and transport aircraft introduced in 1960

HC AZH Canadair CL 44 6 Andes Airlines
photo: Lewis Grant

The Canadair CL-44 was built and manufactured by Canadair during the late 1950s until the early 1960s as a turboprop airliner and cargo aircraft developed from the British Bristol Britannia medium-to-long-range airliner. The aircraft performed its maiden flight in November 1959 and was introduced in July 1960 by Royal Canadian Air Force. It was retired in 1971 and has a total number of 39 aircraft built.

Manufacturer:
Bombardier Aerospace
Country:
Canada
Manufactured:
1960 to: 1965
ICAO:
CL44
Price:

Specifications

Avionics:
Engine:
4x Rolls-Royce Tyne 515/50
Turboprop
Power:
5,730 horsepower
Max Cruise Speed:
360 knots
667 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
Travel range:
4,856 Nautical Miles
8,993 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
Service Ceiling:
30,000 feet
Rate of Climb:

Take Off Distance:
Landing Distance:
Max Take Off Weight:
95,000 Kg
209,437 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
Max Payload:
30,000 Kg
66,138 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
9,775 gallon
37,002 litre
Baggage Volume:
28.3 m3 / 999 ft3
Seats - Economy / General:
189 seats
Seats - Business Class:
Seats - First Class:
Cabin Height:
2.05 metre - 6.73 feet
Cabin Width:
3.35 metre - 10.99 feet
Cabin Length:
30 metre - 98.42 feet
Exterior Length:
41.7 metre - 136.81 feet
Tail height:
11.18 metre - 36.68 feet
Fuselage Diameter:
3.7 metre - 12.14 feet
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter:
43.37 metre - 142.29 feet
Wing Tips:
No Winglets
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Description

From the late 1950s until the early 1960s, the Canadian manufacturing company Canadair started to develop the CL-44 transport aircraft. It was based on the British Bristol Britannia medium-to-long-range airliner. On November 15, 1959, the aircraft prototype designated as Yukon took to the air for the first time at the Cartierville Airport. Several problems arose during flight testing such as an entire electrical failure to engines slipping up and nearly falling off. On July 19, 1960, the aircraft was introduced with the Royal Canadian Air Force and was retired in 1971.

The CL-44D-4 version can carry two pilots, one flight engineer plus loadmasters as required, and up to one hundred and sixty passengers and 29,959 kg of useful load. It has an external length of 41.73 meters, an external height of 5.6 meters, and a fuselage diameter of 3.7 meters. It has a tail height of 11.18 meters and a wheelbase of 16 meters. The wingspan is 43.47 meters and the wing area is 192.7 square meters. The cabin has a length of 30 meters, a height of 2.05 meters, and a width of 3.35 meters. The aircraft has an empty weight of 40,348 kg, a maximum takeoff weight of 95,000 kg, a maximum payload of 30,000 kg, and a fuel tank capacity of 9,775 US gal.

The aircraft is powered by four Rolls-Royce Tyne 515/50 turboprop engines. It is a twin-spool turboprop with an axial six-stage low-pressure nine-stage high-pressure compressor, ten cannular flame tubes combustors, a three-stage low-pressure single-stage high-pressure turbine, and a pressure spray/splash with dry sump oil system. The engine produces a maximum takeoff thrust of 5,730 shaft horsepower each and drives four-bladed variable pitch propellers. The CL-44 has a maximum speed of 360 knots and a cruise speed of 349 knots. It has a travel range of 4,856 nautical miles and can fly up to 30,000 feet.

All Bombardier Aerospace Aircraft

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