Cessna 340

Best selling $365,000 pressurized light twin.

N274DC Cessna 340A
photo: Peach Air

The Cessna 340 is a pressurized light twin aircraft produced by Cessna. For numerous reasons, it has evolved into the best-selling, piston-powered, cabin-class pressurized twin in the world that quickly surpassed other rival aircraft in its category.

Manufacturer:
Cessna
Country:
United States
Manufactured:
1972 to: 1984
ICAO:
C340
Price:
US$.36 million (1982)

Specifications

Avionics:
Garmin G500 PFD
Engine:
2x Continental TSIO-520-NB
Piston
Power:
310 horsepower
Max Cruise Speed:
244 knots
452 Km/h
Approach Speed (Vref):
71 knots
Travel range:
1,406 Nautical Miles
2,604 Kilometers
Fuel Economy:
Service Ceiling:
29,800 feet
Rate of Climb:
1650 feet / minute
8.38metre / second
Take Off Distance:
662 metre - 2,171.89 feet
Landing Distance:
564 metre - 1,850.37 feet
Max Take Off Weight:
2,717 Kg
5,990 lbs
Max Landing Weight:
2,150 Kg
4,740 lbs
Max Payload:
566 Kg
1,248 lbs
Fuel Tank Capacity:
145 gallon
549 litre
Baggage Volume:
1.8 m3 / 64 ft3
Seats - Economy / General:
6 seats
Seats - Business Class:
Seats - First Class:
Cabin Height:
1.3 metre - 4.27 feet
Cabin Width:
1.4 metre - 4.59 feet
Cabin Length:
2.8 metre - 9.19 feet
Exterior Length:
10.46 metre - 34.32 feet
Tail height:
3.8 metre - 12.47 feet
Fuselage Diameter:
1.55 metre - 5.09 feet
Wing Span / Rotor Diameter:
11.6 metre - 38.06 feet
Wing Tips:
No Winglets
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Description

In 1969, the Cessna 340 started to develop. However, because one of the prototypes in the early 1970s crashed during flight testing, production deliveries did not commence until early 1971. The Cessna 340 was formulated as a cabin-class development of the Cessna 310.

The 340 is a six-seat light twin aircraft, with four passenger seats, an aisle, and an airstair door. The aircraft has an all-new fail-safe fuselage, and has a similar tail unit and landing gear as the Cessna 310, while its wings were based from the Cessna 414. The aircraft’s key selling feature was its roomy, pressurized cabin incorporating a pressurization system with a differential of 4.2 psi that maintained the cabin’s internal altitude at 8,000 feet even when the aircraft was flying at 20,000 feet.

The early versions of 340 were powered by two turbocharged Continental TSIO-520-K engines with a rated thrust of 285 horsepower each, but these were upgraded to the more powerful and improved Continental TSIO-520-NB with 310 horsepower in 1976. The new variant with improved engines was designated as the 340A. Other improvements were incorporated such as the reduced propeller diameter to 1,920 mm to lessen the noise and meet ICAO Annex 16 noise requirements. The 340A was presented in optional 340A II and 340A III types fitted with different levels of IFR avionics.

The 340A has an exterior length of 10.46 meters, a height of 3.84 meters, and a fuselage diameter of 1.55 meters. It has a wingspan of 11.6 meters, a wing area of 17.1 square meters, and a wheelbase of 3.12 meters. The spacious cabin is 1.3-meter tall, 2.8-meter long, and 1.4-meter wide.

The aircraft has a maximum speed of 244 knots and can fly up to 29,800 feet. It can climb at a rate of 1,650 feet per minute and has a travel range of 1,406 nautical miles. It has a take-off and landing distance of 662 meters and 564 meters, respectively.

The Cessna 340 was produced until 1984 with a total of 1,287 aircraft built.

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